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Metastaser i CNS

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

  1. Lu-Emerson C, Eichler AF.Brain metastases.Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2012 Apr;18(2):295-311. Review.PMID:22810128 PubMed  
  2. Le Rhun E, Preusser M, van den Bent M, et al. How we treat patients with leptomeningeal metastases. ESMO Open 2019;4:e000507. doi: 10.1136/esmoopen-2019-000507 DOI  
  3. Johnson JD, Young B. Demographics of brain metastasis. Neurosurg Clin N Am 1996;7:337–44. PMID:8823767 PubMed  
  4. Taule EM, Schipmann-Miletic S, Thorsen F, Johannessen TA, Miletic H, Storstein A, Oltedal L, Sundstrøm T. Hjernemetastasar – diagnostikk og behandling. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2022 Oct 10;142(14). Norwegian. doi: 10.4045/tidsskr.21.0809. PMID: 36226420. PubMed  
  5. Tsao MN, Lloyd N, Wong RK, Chow E, Rakovitch E, Laperriere N, Xu W, Sahgal A.Whole brain radiotherapy for the treatment of newly diagnosed multiple brain metastases.Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Apr 18;4:CD003869. Review.PMID:22513917 PubMed  
  6. Mulvenna P, Nankivell M, Barton R, Faivre-Finn C, Wilson P, McColl E, Moore B, Brisbane I, Ardron D, Holt T, Morgan S, Lee C, Waite K, Bayman N, Pugh C, Sydes B, Stephens R, Parmar MK, Langley RE. Dexamethasone and supportive care with or without whole brain radiotherapy in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer with brain metastases unsuitable for resection or stereotactic radiotherapy (QUARTZ): results from a phase 3, non-inferiority, randomised trial. Lancet. 2016 Oct 22;388(10055):2004-2014 . pmid:27604504 PubMed  
  7. Tsao MN, Xu W, Wong RKS, Lloyd N, Laperriere N, Sahgal A, Rakovitch E, Chow E. Whole brain radiotherapy for the treatment of newly diagnosed multiple brain metastases. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2018, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD003869. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003869. DOI  
  8. Sankey EW, Tsvankin V, Grabowski MM, Nayar G, Batich KA, Risman A, Champion CD, Salama AKS, Goodwin CR, Fecci PE. Operative and peri-operative considerations in the management of brain metastasis. Cancer Med. 2019 Sep 30. PMID: 31568689 PubMed  
  9. Vecht CJ, Haaxma-Reiche H, Noordijk EM et al. Treatment of single brain metastasis: radiotherapy alone orcombined with neurosurgery? Ann Neurol 1993;33:583–90. PMID: 8498838 PubMed  
  10. McDuff SG, Taich ZJ, Lawson JD, Sanghvi P, Wong ET, Barker FG 2nd, Hochberg FH, Loeffler JS, Warnke PC, Murphy KT, Mundt AJ, Carter BS, McDonald CR, Chen CC. Neurocognitive assessment following whole brain radiation therapy and radiosurgery for patients with cerebral metastases. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2013; 84: 1384-91. pmid:23715918 PubMed  
  11. Linskey ME, Andrews DW, Asher AL et al. The role of stereotactic radiosurgery in the management of patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases: a systematic review and evidence-based clinical practice guideline. J Neurooncol2010;96:45–68. PMID:19960227 PubMed  
  12. Mehta MP, Paleologos NA, Mikkelsen T, Robinson PD, Ammirati M, Andrews DW, Asher AL, Burri SH, Cobbs CS, Gaspar LE, Kondziolka D, Linskey ME, Loeffler JS, McDermott M, Olson JJ, Patchell RA, Ryken TC, Kalkanis SN.The role of chemotherapy in the management of newly diagnosed brain metastases: a systematic review and evidence-based clinical practice guideline.J Neurooncol. 2010 Jan;96(1):71-83. Epub 2009 Dec 4. Review.PMID:19960229 PubMed  
  13. Ori Barzilai, Charles G Fisher, Mark H Bilsky, State of the Art Treatment of Spinal Metastatic Disease, Neurosurgery, Volume 82, Issue 6, June 2018, Pages 757–769 PMID: 29481645 PubMed  
  14. Rogne SG, Rønning P, Helseth E, Johannesen TB, Langberg CW, LoteK, Scheie D, Meling TR. Craniotomy for brain metastases: aconsecutive series of 316 patients.Acta Neurol Scand: 2012: 126: 23–31. PMID: 21902675 PubMed  
  15. Sperduto PW, Chao ST, Sneed PK, et al. Diagnosis-specific prognostic factors, indexes, and treatment outcomes for patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases: a multi-institutional analysis of 4,259 patients. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2010;77(3):655-61. PMID:19942357 PubMed  
  16. Chao ST, Barnett GH, Liu SW, et al. Five-year survivors of brain metastases: a single-institution report of 32 patients. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2006;66(3):801-9. PMID:16904847 PubMed  
  • Anette Storstein, spesialist i nevrologi, PhD
  • Øystein Tveiten,spesialist i nevrokirurgi, PhD
  • Unn Ljøstad, spesialist i nevrologi, professor PhD
  • Åse Mygland, spesialist i nevrologi, professor dr med