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Periodiske paralyser

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

  1. Statland JM, Fontaine B, Hanna MG, Johnson NE, Kissel JT, Sansone VA, Shieh PB, Tawil RN, Trivedi J, Cannon SC, Griggs RC. Review of the Diagnosis and Treatment of Periodic Paralysis. Muscle Nerve. 2017 Nov 10. PMID: 29125635 PubMed  
  2. Phillips L1, Trivedi JR2. Skeletal Muscle Channelopathies. Neurotherapeutics. 2018. pmid:30341599 PubMed  
  3. Matthews E, Holmes S, Fialho D. Skeletal muscle channelopathies: a guide to diagnosis and management. Pract Neurol. 2021 Jun;21(3):196-204. PMID: 33563766.
  4. Giacobbe A, Subramony S, Chuquilin M. Pain as a significant symptom in patients with periodic paralysis-A cross-sectional survey. Muscle Nerve. 2021 Jun;63(6):897-901. PMID: 33759219. PubMed  
  5. Heatwole CR, Statland JM, Logigian EL. the diagnosis and treatment of myotonic disorders. Muscle & Nerve 2012. PMID: 23536309 PubMed  
  6. Welland NL, Hæstad H, Fossmo HL, Giltvedt K, Ørstavik K, Nordstrøm M. The Role of Nutrition and Physical Activity as Trigger Factors of Paralytic Attacks in Primary Periodic Paralysis. J Neuromuscul Dis. 2021;8(4):457-468. PMID: 33646174 PubMed  
  7. Lee YH, Lee HS, Lee HE, Hahn S, Nam TS, Shin HY, Choi YC, Kim SM. Whole-Body Muscle MRI in Patients with Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis Carrying the SCN4A Mutation T704M: Evidence for Chronic Progressive Myopathy with Selective Muscle Involvement. J Clin Neurol. 2015 Oct;11(4):331-8 . pmid:26256659 PubMed  
  8. Simmons DB et al. Long Exercise Test in Periodic Paralysis: A Bayesian Analysis. Muscle Nerve. 2 2019; an;59(1): 47-54. pmid:29752813 PubMed  
  9. Sansone VA, Burge J, McDermott MP, Smith PC, Herr B, Tawil R, Pandya S, Kissel J, Ciafaloni E, Shieh P, Ralph JW, Amato A, Cannon SC, Trivedi J, Barohn R, Crum B, Mitsumoto H, Pestronk A, Meola G, Conwit R, Hanna MG, Griggs RC; Muscle Study Group. Randomized, placebo-controlled trials of dichlorphenamide in periodic paralysis. Neurology. 2016 Apr 12;86(15):1408-16 . pmid:26865514 PubMed  
  10. Greig SL.. Dichlorphenamide: A Review in Primary Periodic Paralyses. Drugs 2016; Mar;76(4): 501-7. pmid:26941026 PubMed  
  11. Weber F, Lehmann-Horn F.. Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis. GeneReviews 2020. pmid:20301512 PubMed  
  12. Phuyal P, Nagalli S. Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis. 2022 Jul 4. In: StatPearls Internet. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan–. PMID: 32644604. PubMed  
  13. Chalissery AJ, Munteanu T, Langan Y, Brett F, Redmond J. Diverse phenotype of hypokalaemic periodic paralysis within a family. Pract Neurol. 2017 Sep 28 . pmid:28972032 PubMed  
  14. Chaudhry MA1.. Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis: The immovable truth? A concise review of the literature. Curr Rheumatol Rev. 2016 Apr 4. pmid: 27041083 PubMed  
  15. Shree R, Goyal MK, Singh R, Modi M, Lal V, Kakkar N. Pearls & Oy-sters: An unusual cause of hypokalemic paralysis. Neurology. 2016 Oct 11;87(15):e174-e177 No abstract available. PMID: pmid:27765828 PubMed  
  16. de Assis Aquino Gondim F, Leitão AMF, Aragão Fernandes JM, de Araújo DF, Ponte Souza MHL, Campelo Braga LLB. Secondary Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis in Crohn´s Disease: Two Case Reports. Eur J Neurol. 2022 Oct 20. doi: 10.1111/ene.15610. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36263607. PubMed  
  17. Jandhyala SN, Madireddi J, Belle J, Rau NR, Shetty R. Hypokalaemic Periodic Paralysis- A Prospective Study of the Underlying Etiologies. J Clin Diagn Res. 2015 Sep;9(9):OC17-9. pmid:26500936 PubMed  
  18. Zhang L, Niu J, Li Y, Guan Y, Cui L, Liu M. Abduction range: A potential parameter for the long exercise test in hypokalemic periodic paralysis during inter-attack periods. Muscle Nerve. 2019 Oct 6. PMID: 31587332 PubMed  
  19. Holm-Yildiz S, Witting N, Dahlqvist J, de Stricker Borch J, Solheim T, Fornander F, Eisum AS, Duno M, Soerensen T, Vissing J. . Permanent muscle weakness in hypokalemic periodic paralysis. Permanent muscle weakness in hypokalemic periodic paralysis. . Neurology 2020. pmid:32580975 PubMed  
  20. Wang XY, Ren BW, Yong ZH, Xu HY, Fu QX, Yao HB. Mutation analysis of CACNA1S and SCN4A in patients with hypokalemic periodic paralysis. Mol Med Rep. 2015 Oct;12(4):6267-74. pmid:26252573 PubMed  
  21. Zheng J, Liang Z, Hou Y, Liu F, Hu Y, Lin P, Yan C. A novel Kir2.6 mutation associated with hypokalemic periodic paralysis.. Clin Neurophysiol. 2016 Jun;127(6):2503-8. PMID: 27178871 PubMed  
  22. Song IW et al. Novel susceptibility gene for nonfamilial hypokalemic periodic paralysis. Neurology. 2016 Mar 29;86(13):1190-8. . pmid:26935888 PubMed  
  23. Matthews E, Portaro S, Ke Q, Sud R, Haworth A, Davis MB, Griggs RC, Hanna MG. Acetazolamide efficacy in hypokalemic periodic paralysis and the predictive role of genotype. Neurology 2011; 77(22): 1960-4. pmid:22094484 PubMed  
  24. Fontaine B1, Phillips LH 2nd2. A newly approved drug for a rare group of diseases: Dichlorphenamide for periodic paralysis. Neurology. 2016. pmid: 26865522 PubMed  
  25. García-Sobrino T, Pardo J. Successful treatment of hypokalemic periodic paralysis with topiramate. Eur J Neurol 2014; Sep;21(9):: e73-4. pmid:25065459 PubMed  
  26. Da Y, Lei L, Jurkat-Rott K, Lehmann-Horn F. Successful treatment of periodic paralysis with coenzyme Q10: two case reports. Acta Myol. 2016 Oct;35(2):107-108. pmid:28344441 PubMed  
  27. Matthews E, Neuwirth C, Jaffer F, Scalco RS, Fialho D, Parton M, Raja Rayan D, Suetterlin K, Sud R, Spiegel R, Mein R, Houlden H, Schaefer A, Healy E, Palace J, Quinlivan R, Treves S, Holton JL, Jungbluth H, Hanna MG. Atypical periodic paralysis and myalgia: A novel RYR1 phenotype. Neurology. 2018 Jan 30;90(5):e412-e418. PMID: 29298851 PubMed  
  28. Parihar J, Chakraborty P, Kaul B. Andersen-Tawil syndrome presenting as premenstrual periodic paralysis. Muscle Nerve. 2021 Jan;63(1):E5-E6. PMID: 33094497. PubMed  
  29. Pérez-Riera AR, Barbosa-Barros R, Samesina N, Pastore CA, Scanavacca M, Daminello-Raimundo R, de Abreu LC, Nikus K, Brugada P. Andersen-Tawil Syndrome: A Comprehensive Review. Cardiol Rev. 2021 Jul-Aug 01;29(4):165-177. PMID: 32947483. PubMed  
  30. Rabenstein M, Abicht A, Brunn A, Lehmann H, Wunderlich G. Persistent hypokalaemia and intermittent muscle weakness. Pract Neurol. 2022 Dec;22(6):518-520. doi: 10.1136/pn-2022-003433. Epub 2022 Jul 30. PMID: 35907633. PubMed  
  31. R, Jungbluth H, Riazi S, Voermans NC, Snoeck MMJ. European Neuromuscular Centre consensus statement on anaesthesia in patients with neuromuscular disorders. Eur J Neurol. 2022 Dec;29(12):3486-3507. doi: 10.1111/ene.15526. Epub 2022 Sep 14. PMID: 35971866. PubMed  
  • Åse Mygland, spesialist i nevrologi, professor dr med
  • Unn Ljøstad, spesialist i nevrologi, professor PhD