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Isjias og cauda equina syndromet

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

  1. Valen B, Rolfsen LC. Cauda equina-syndromet. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2003; 123: 643-4. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening  
  2. Hoeritzauer I, Stanton B, Carson A, Stone J. 'Scan-negative' cauda equina syndrome: what to do when there is no neurosurgical cause. Pract Neurol. 2021 Aug 13:practneurol-2020-002830. PMID: 34389643. PubMed  
  3. Hoeritzauer I, Pronin S, Carson A, Statham P, Demetriades AK, Stone J. The clinical features and outcome of scan-negative and scan-positive cases in suspected cauda equina syndrome: a retrospective study of 276 patients. J Neurol. 2018 Oct 8. PMID: 30298195 PubMed  
  4. Gibson LL, Harborow L, Nicholson T, Bell D, David AS. Is scan-negative cauda equina syndrome a functional neurological disorder? A pilot study. Eur J Neurol. 2020 Jul;27(7):1336-1342. PMID: 32073712. PubMed  
  5. CLINICAL PRACTICE. Herniated Lumbar Intervertebral Disk. Deyo RA, Mirza SK. N Engl J Med. 2016 May 5;374(18):1763-72. . pmid:27144851 PubMed  
  6. Weinstein JN, Tosteson TD, Lurie JD, Tosteson AN, Hanscom B, Skinner JS, Abdu WA, Hilibrand AS, Boden SD, Deyo RA. Surgical vs nonoperative treatment for lumbar disk herniation: the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT): a randomized trial. JAMA 2006; 296: 2451-9. PMID:17119141 PubMed  
  7. Chau AM, Xu LL, Pelzer NR, Gragnaniello C. Timing of surgical intervention in cauda equina syndrome: a systematic critical review. World Neurosurg 2014; 81: 640-50. pmid:24240024 PubMed  
  8. Lavy C, James A, Wilson-MacDonald J, Fairbank J. Cauda equina syndrome. BMJ 2009; 338: b936. BMJ (DOI)  
  9. Fraser S, Roberts L, Murphy E. Cauda equina syndrome: a literature review of its definition and clinical presentation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2009; 90: 1964-8.
  10. Sath S. Does surgical decompression alleviate neglected cauda equina syndromes attributed to lumbar disc herniation and/or degenerative canal stenosis? Surg Neurol Int. 2020 Sep 5;11:278. doi: 10.25259/SNI_512_2020. PMID: 33033640 PubMed  
  11. Bailey CS, Rasoulinejad P, Taylor D, Sequeira K, Miller T, Watson J, Rosedale R, Bailey SI, Gurr KR, Siddiqi F, Glennie A, Urquhart JC. Surgery versus Conservative Care for Persistent Sciatica Lasting 4 to 12 Months. N Engl J Med. 2020 Mar 19;382(12):1093-1102. PMID: 32187469. PubMed  
  12. Kennedy DJ1, Zheng PZ2, Smuck M2, McCormick ZL3, Huynh L2, Schneider BJ4.. A minimum of 5-year follow-up after lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections in patients with lumbar radicular pain due to intervertebral disc herniation. Spine J. 2017. pmid:28962912 PubMed  
  13. Skouen JS. Isjias – kompresjon og inflammasjon av nerveroten?. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2007; 127: 316-8. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening  
  14. Goldberg H, Firtch W, Tyburski M, Pressman A, Ackerson L, Hamilton L, Smith W, Carver R, Maratukulam A, Won LA, Carragee E, Avins AL.. Oral steroids for acute radiculopathy due to a herniated lumbar disk: a randomized clinical trial.. JAMA. 2015; May 19;313(19):1915-23: 1915-23. pmid:25988461 PubMed  
  15. Manchikanti L, Boswell MV, Datta S, Fellows B, Abdi S, Singh V, Benyamin RM, Falco FJ, Helm S, Hayek SM, Smith HS. Comprehensive review of therapeutic interventions in managing chronic spinal pain. Pain Physician 2009; 12: 123-98. PMID:19668281 PubMed  
  16. Manchikanti L, Helm S, Singh V, Benyamin RM, Datta S, Hayek SM, Fellows B, Boswell MV. An algorithmic approach for clinical management of chronic spinal pain. Pain Physician 2009; 12: 225-64. PMID:19668283 PubMed  
  17. Peul WC, van den Hout WB, Brand R, Thomeer RT, Koes BW; Leiden-The Hague Spine Intervention Prognostic Study Group. Prolonged conservative care versus early surgery in patients with sciatica caused by lumbar disc herniation: two year results of a randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2008; 336: 1355-8. PMID:18502912 PubMed  
  • Unn Ljøstad, spesialist i nevrologi, professor PhD
  • Åse Mygland, spesialist i nevrologi, professor, dr med
  • Fredrik Romi, spesialist i nevrologi, dr med