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Hypofyse apoplexi

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

  1. Rajasekaran S, Vanderpump M, Baldeweg S, Drake W, Reddy N, Lanyon M, Markey A, Plant G, Powell M, Sinha S, Wass J. UK guidelines for the management of pituitary apoplexy. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2011;74(1):9-20. PMID:21044119 PubMed  
  2. Salte T, Lohne F. A man in his 60s with headache, nausea and vomiting. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2018 Oct 8;138(16). PMID: 30344318 PubMed  
  3. Elarjani T, Chen S, Cajigas I, Saway B, Sur S, Morcos JJ. Pituitary Apoplexy and Cerebral Infarction: Case Report and Literature Review. World Neurosurg. 2020 Sep;141:73-80. PMID: 32522640. PubMed  
  4. Seo Y, Kim YH, Dho YS, Kim JH, Kim JW, Park CK, Kim DG. The Outcomes of Pituitary Apoplexy with Conservative Treatment: Experiences at a Single Institution. World Neurosurg. 2018 Jul;115:e703-e710. PMID: 29709755 PubMed  
  5. Fan Y, Bao X, Wang R. Conservative treatment cures an elderly pituitary apoplexy patient with oculomotor paralysis and optic nerve compression: a case report and systematic review of the literature. Clin Interv Aging. 2018 Oct 12;13:1981-1985. PMID: 30349217 PubMed  
  6. Tu M, Lu Q, Zhu P, Zheng W. Surgical versus non-surgical treatment for pituitary apoplexy: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Neurol Sci. 2016 Nov 15;370:258-262 . pmid:27772771 PubMed  
  7. Glezer A, Bronstein MD. Pituitary apoplexy: pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Jun;59(3):259-64 . pmid:26154095 PubMed  
  8. Cavalli A, Martin A, Connolly DJ, Mirza S, Sinha S. Pituitary apoplexy: how to define safe boundaries of conservative management? Early and long-term outcomes from a single UK tertiary neurosurgical unit. Br J Neurosurg. 2020 Sep 1:1-7. PMID: 32870049. PubMed  
  9. Muthukumar N, Rossette D, Soundaram M, Senthilbabu S, Badrinarayanan T. Blindness following pituitary apoplexy: timing of surgery and neuro-ophthalmic outcome. J Clin Neurosci. 2008; 8: 873-9. PMID:18502643 PubMed  
  10. Singh TD1, Valizadeh N1, Meyer FB2, Atkinson JL2, Erickson D3, Rabinstein AA1. Management and outcomes of pituitary apoplexy. J Neurosurg. 2015; Jun;122(6): 1450-7. pmid: 25859804 PubMed  
  • Unn Ljøstad, spesialist i nevrologi, professor PhD
  • Åse Mygland, spesialist i nevrologi, professor dr med