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Normaltrykkshydrocefalus NPH

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  1. Baheerathan A, et al. Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. BMJ. 2016. pmid:27534774 PubMed  
  2. Williams MA, Malm J. Diagnosis and Treatment of Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2016. pmid:27042909 PubMed  
  3. Halperin JJ, Kurlan R, Schwalb JM, Cusimano MD, Gronseth G, Gloss D. Practice guideline: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: Response to shunting and predictors of response: Report of the Guideline Development, Dissemination, and Implementation Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology. 2015 Dec 8;85(23):2063-71 . pmid:26644048 PubMed  
  4. Williams MA.. Comment: the trouble with "n" in normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Neurology. 2014; Apr 15;82(15):: 1350.. pmid:24634451 PubMed  
  5. Jaraj D1, Rabiei K, Marlow T, Jensen C, Skoog I, Wikkelsø C.. Prevalence of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Neurology. 2014 ; Apr 22;82(16):: 1449-54. pmid:24682964 PubMed  
  6. Brean A, Fredø HL, Sollid S, Müller T, Sundstrøm T, Eide PK. Five-year incidence of surgery for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus in Norway. Acta Neurol Scand 2009; 120: 314-6. PMID: 19832773 PubMed  
  7. Martín-Láez R, Caballero-Arzapalo H, López-Menéndez LÁ, Arango-Lasprilla JC, Vázquez-Barquero A. Epidemiology of Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: A Systematic Review of the Literature. World Neurosurg. 2015 Jul 14. pii: S1878-8750(15)00871-2 . pmid:26183137 PubMed  
  8. Molde K1, Söderström L2, Laurell K2.. Parkinsonian symptoms in normal pressure hydrocephalus: a population-based study. J Neurol. 2017. pmid:28879446 PubMed  
  9. Nikaido Y, et al. Intermittent gait disturbance in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Acta Neurol Scand. 2017. pmid:29023635 PubMed  
  10. Schito P, Caso F, Magnani G, Barzaghi LR, Barbieri A, Volontè MA, Martinelli V, Brugliera L, Iannaccone S, Filippi M. Asymmetric rapidly progressive idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus: description of a case. J Neurol. 2021 Aug 18. PMID: 34406487. PubMed  
  11. Capone PM, Bertelson JA, Ajtai B. Neuroimaging of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus and Hydrocephalus. Neurol Clin. 2020. pmid:31761057 PubMed  
  12. Larsen K, Page CM, Vitelli V, Beyer MK.. The Evans' Index revisited: New cut-off levels for use in radiological assessment of ventricular enlargement in the elderly.. Eur J Radiol. 2017. pmid:28987681 PubMed  
  13. Mihalj M, Dolić K, Kolić K, Ledenko V.. CSF tap test - Obsolete or appropriate test for predicting shunt responsiveness? A systemic review.. J Neurol Sci 2016. pmid:26944123 PubMed  
  14. Giannini G, Palandri G, Ferrari A, Oppi F, Milletti D, Albini-Riccioli L, Mantovani P, Magnoni S, Chiari L, Cortelli P, Cevoli S; BOLOGNA PRO-HYDRO Study Group. A prospective evaluation of clinical and instrumental features before and after ventriculo-peritoneal shunt in patients with idiopathic Normal pressure hydrocephalus: The Bologna PRO-Hydro study. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2019 Sep;66:117-124. PMID: 31358442 PubMed  
  15. Matsuoka T, Kawano S, Fujimoto K, Kawahara M, Hashimoto H. Characteristics of cognitive function evaluation using the Montreal cognitive assessment in a cerebrospinal fluid tap test in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2019 Sep 12;186:105524. PMID: 31541862 PubMed  
  16. Mendes GAS, et al. The Timed Up and Go Test as a Diagnostic Criterion in Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus. World Neurosurg. 2017. pmid:28578116 PubMed  
  17. Gallagher R, Marquez J, Osmotherly P. Gait and Balance Measures Can Identify Change From a Cerebrospinal Fluid Tap Test in Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Nov;99(11):2244-2250. PMID: 29702069 PubMed  
  18. Song M, Lieberman A, Fife T, Nielsen M, Hayden S, Sabbagh M, Shi J. A prospective study on gait dominant normal pressure hydrocephalus. Acta Neurol Scand. 2019 Apr;139(4):389-394. PMID: 30676642 PubMed  
  19. Jeppsson A, Wikkelsö C, Blennow K, Zetterberg H, Constantinescu R, Remes AM, Herukka SK, Rauramaa T, Nagga K, Leinonen V, Tullberg M. CSF biomarkers distinguish idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus from its mimics. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2019 Oct;90(10):1117-1123. PMID: 31167811 PubMed  
  20. Johanson CE, Duncan JA 3rd, Klinge PM, Brinker T, Stopa EG, Silverberg GD . Multiplicity of cerebrospinal fluid functions: New challenges in health and disease . Cerebrospinal Fluid Res 2008; 5: 10.
  21. Eide PK, Sorteberg W. Diagnostic intracranial pressure monitoring and surgical management in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a 6-year review of 214 patients. Neurosurgery 2010; 66: 80-91.
  22. Andrén K, Wikkelsø C, Tisell M, Hellström P.. Natural course of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2014; Jul;85(7):: 806-10. pmid:24292998 PubMed  
  23. Toma AK, Papadopoulos MC, Stapleton S, Kitchen ND, Watkins LD. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2013; 155: 1977-80. Systematic review of the outcome of shunt surgery in idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. PMID: 23975646 PubMed  
  24. Klinge P, Hellström P, Tans J, Wikkelsø C; European iNPH Multicentre Study Group. One-year outcome in the European multicentre study on iNPH. Acta Neurol Scand 2012;126:145-53. PMID: 22571428 PubMed  
  25. Torsnes L1, Blåfjelldal V, Poulsen FR. Treatment and clinical outcome in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus - a systematic review. Dan Med J. 2014. pmid:25283616 PubMed  
  26. Sorbi S, Hort J, Erkinjuntti T, Fladby T, Gainotti G, Gurvit H, Nacmias B, Pasquier F, Popescu BO, Rektorova I, Religa D, Rusina R, Rossor M, Schmidt R, Stefanova E, Warren JD, Scheltens P; EFNS Scientist Panel on Dementia and Cognitive Neurology. EFNS-ENS Guidelines on the diagnosis and management of disorders associated with dementia. Eur J Neurol 2012;19:1159-79.
  27. Klassen BT, Ahlskog JE. Normal pressure hydrocephalus: how often does the diagnosis hold water?. Neurology 2011; 77: 1119-25. Neurology  
  28. Baheerathan A, Chauhan D, Koizia L, O'Neal H. Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. BMJ. 2016 Aug 17;354. PMID: 27534774 PubMed  
  29. Krahulik D, Vaverka M, Hrabalek L, Hampl M, Halaj M, Jablonsky J, Langova K. . Ventriculoperitoneal shunt in treating of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus-single-center study. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2020. pmid:31728709 PubMed  
  30. Jang H, Park SB, Kim Y, Kim KW, Lee JI, Kim ST, Lee KH, Kang ES, Choe YS, Seo SW, Kim HJ, Kim YJ, Yoon CW, Na DL. Prognostic value of amyloid PET scan in normal pressure hydrocephalus. J Neurol. 2018 Jan;265(1):63-73. PMID: 29128930 PubMed  
  31. Bådagård H, Braun M, Nilsson D, Stridh L, Virhammar J. Negative predictors of shunt surgery outcome in normal pressure hydrocephalus. Acta Neurol Scand 2020. pmid:3177821 PubMed  
  32. Delwel EJ, de Jong DA, Dammers R, Kurt E, van den Brink W, Dirven CM. A randomised trial of high and low pressure level settings on an adjustable ventriculoperitoneal shunt valve for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: results of the Dutch evaluation programme Strata shunt (DEPSS) trial. . J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2013; 84: 813-7. PMID: 23408069 PubMed  
  33. Kazui H, Miyajima M, Mori E, Ishikawa M; SINPHONI-2 Investigators. Lumboperitoneal shunt surgery for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (SINPHONI-2): an open-label randomised trial. Lancet Neurol 2015; 14: 585-94. pmid:25934242 PubMed  
  34. Tudor KI, Tudor M, McCleery J, Car J. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Jul 29;7:CD010033 . pmid:26222251 PubMed  
  35. Kotagal V, et al. Serious adverse events following Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus surgery. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2018; Jul;170:113-115: 113-115. pmid:29772402 PubMed  
  36. Lenfeldt N, Hansson W, Larsson A, Birgander R, Eklund A, Malm J. Three-day CSF drainage barely reduces ventricular size in normal pressure hydrocephalus.Neurology 2012; 79: 237-42. Neurology  
  37. Rossi PD, Damanti S, Nani C, Pluderi M, Bertani G, Mari D, Cesari M, Consonni D, Spagnoli D. Repeated Cerebrospinal Fluid Removal Procedure in Older Patients With Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Ineligible for Surgical Treatment. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2019 Mar;20(3):373-376.e3. PMID: 30638833 PubMed  
  38. Pujari S1, Kharkar S, Metellus P, Shuck J, Williams MA, Rigamonti D. Normal pressure hydrocephalus: long-term outcome after shunt surgery.. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2008 Nov;79(11):1282-6 . pmid: 18356257 PubMed  
  • Åse Mygland, spesialist i nevrologi, professor dr med
  • Unn Ljøstad, spesialist i nevrologi, professor PhD
  • Are Brean, spesialist i nevrologi