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Skapula alata

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

  1. Didesch JT, Tang P. Anatomy, Etiology, and Management of Scapular Winging. J Hand Surg Am. 2019 Apr;44(4):321-330. PMID: 30292717 PubMed  
  2. Seror P, Lenglet T, Nguyen C, Ouaknine M, Lefevre-Colau MM. Unilateral winged scapula: Clinical and electrodiagnostic experience with 128 cases, with special attention to long thoracic nerve palsy. Muscle Nerve. 2018 Jan 4. PMID: 29314072 PubMed  
  3. Ng CY, Wu F. Scapular winging secondary to serratus anterior dysfunction: analysis of clinical presentations and etiology in a consecutive series of 96 patients. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2021 Oct;30(10):2336-2343. PMID: 33675974. PubMed  
  4. Bank AM1,2, Bianchi MT1, Mukerji SS1,3.. Winged Scapula Secondary to Neuroborreliosis. Neurohospitalist. 2017; 2017 Oct;7(4):: 200-201. pmid:28975000 PubMed  
  5. Tobaly D, Laforêt P, Stojkovic T, Behin A, Petit FM, Barp A, Bello L, Carlier P, Carlier RY. Whole-body muscle MRI in McArdle disease. Neuromuscul Disord. 2022 Jan;32(1):5-14. doi: 10.1016/j.nmd.2021.07.397. Epub 2021 Aug 5. PMID: 34711478 PubMed  
  6. Tsivgoulis G, Vadikolias K, Courcoutsakis N, Heliopoulos I, Stamboulis E, Piperidou C.Neurology. 2012 Apr 24;78(17):e109.Teaching neuroimages: differential diagnosis of scapular winging.PMID:22529210 PubMed  
  7. Krzesniak-Swinarska M, Caress JB, Cartwright MS. Neuromuscular ultrasound for evaluation of scapular winging. Muscle Nerve. 2017 Jul;56(1):7-14 pmid:28006862 PubMed  
  8. Martin RM, Fish DE. Scapular winging: anatomical review, diagnosis, and treatments. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med 2008; 1: 1-11. PMID: 19468892 PubMed  
  9. Meininger AK, Figuerres BF, Goldberg BA. Scapular winging: an update. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2011; 19: 453-62. PMID: 21807913 PubMed  
  • Åse Mygland, spesialist i nevrologi, professor, dr med
  • Unn Ljøstad, spesialist i nevrologi, professor, PhD
  • Leger ved nevrologisk avdeling, Sykehuset Telemark