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Hepatisk encefalopati

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

  1. Wijdicks EF. Hepatic Encephalopathy. N Engl J Med. 2016 Oct 27;375(17):1660-1670. PMID: 27783916 PubMed  
  2. Ninan J1, Feldman L2. Ammonia Levels and Hepatic Encephalopathy in Patients with Known Chronic Liver Disease. J Hosp Med. 2017. pmid:28786433 PubMed  
  3. Shawcross DL, Dunk AA, Jalan R, Kircheis G, de Knegt RJ, Laleman W, Ramage JK, Wedemeyer H, Morgan IE; New Insights Steering Committee. How to diagnose and manage hepatic encephalopathy: a consensus statement on roles and responsibilities beyond the liver specialist. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016 Feb;28(2):146-52 . pmid:26600154 PubMed  
  4. European Association for the Study of the Liver. Electronic address: easloffice@easloffice.eu; European Association for the Study of the Liver. EASL Clinical Practice Guidelines on the management of hepatic encephalopathy. J Hepatol. 2022 Sep;77(3):807-824. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2022.06.001. Epub 2022 Jun 17. PMID: 35724930. PubMed  
  5. Gluud LL, Vilstrup H, Morgan MY. Non-absorbable disaccharides versus placebo/no intervention and lactulose versus lactitol for the prevention and treatment of hepatic encephalopathy in people with cirrhosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 May 6;(5):CD003044 . pmid:27153247 PubMed  
  6. Shaw J, Tate V, Hanson J, Bajaj JS. What diet should I recommend my patient with Hepatic Encephalopathy? Curr Hepatol Rep. 2020 Mar;19(1):13-22. doi: 10.1007/s11901-020-00510-4. Epub 2020 Mar 5. PMID: 33457180; PMCID: PMC7810167.
  7. Rabinstein AA. Treatment of brain edema in acute liver failure. Curr Treat Options Neurol 2010;12: 129-41. PMID: 20842576 PubMed  
  • Unn Ljøstad, spesialist i nevrologi, professor PhD
  • Åse Mygland, spesialist i nevrologi, professor dr med