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Hemifacialisspasme

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
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  1. Chaudhry N1, Srivastava A2, Joshi L1. Hemifacial spasm: The past, present and future. J Neurol Sci; Sep 15;356(1-2): 27-31. pmid: 26111430 PubMed  
  2. Chow CY, Harrison N, Fermo OP. An Adult Case of Hemifacial Spasm as the Predominant Manifestation of Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension. Headache. 2020 Sep 26. PMID: 32979212. PubMed  
  3. Park JE. Psychogenic Paroxysmal Hemifacial Spasm. Ann Neurol. 2020 Jul;88(1):14-15. PMID: 32335923. PubMed  
  4. Tesfay B, Stenør C. Reversible hemifacial spasm due to non-ketotichyperglycaemia. Ugeskr Laeger. 2021 Jul 12;183(28):V12200924. Danish. PMID: 34356010. PubMed  
  5. Green KE1, Rastall D2, Eggenberger E3.. Treatment of Blepharospasm/Hemifacial Spasm.. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2017. pmid:28965229 PubMed  
  6. Rosenstengel C, Matthes M, Baldauf J, Fleck S, Schroeder H.Hemifacial spasm: conservative and surgical treatment options. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2012 ; 109: 667-73. pmid:23264807 PubMed  
  7. Lolekha P1,2, Choolam A3,4, Kulkantrakorn K3.. A comparative crossover study on the treatment of hemifacial spasm and blepharospasm: preseptal and pretarsal botulinum toxin injection techniques.. Neurol Sci. 2017. pmid:28884242 PubMed  
  8. Li Z, Gao J, Wang T, Li Y. Retrospective clinical analysis of 320 cases of microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Oct;97(41):e11825. PMID: 30313020 PubMed  
  9. Liu LX, Ren YM, Ren PW, Yang MM, You JZ, Zhou LX, Zhang H. Prognosis of Symptoms and Complications After Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm: A Single-Center Experience. World Neurosurg. 2018 Oct;118:e557-e561. PMID: 29981914 PubMed  
  10. Li ST, Zhong J, Xia L, Dou NN, Ying TT, Zhu J, Liu MX, Li ST. Delayed relief of hemifacial spasm after microvascular decompression: can it be avoided?. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2014. pmid:25298013 PubMed  
  11. Montava M, Rossi V, CurtoFais CL, Mancini J, Lavieille JP. Long-term surgical results in microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm: efficacy, morbidity and quality of life. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2016 Jun;36(3):220-7 . pmid:27214834 PubMed  
  12. Kuroda T, Saito Y, Fujita K, Yano S, Ishigaki S, Kato H, Murakami H, Ono K. Efficacy of levetiracetam in primary hemifacial spasm.. J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Jul 22 . pmid:27460515 PubMed  
  • Unn Ljøstad, spesialist i nevrologi, professor PhD
  • Åse Mygland, spesialist i nevrologi, professor dr med