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Empty sella

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
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  1. Chiloiro S, Giampietro A, Bianchi A, De Marinis L. Empty sella syndrome: Multiple endocrine disorders. Handb Clin Neurol. 2021;181:29-40. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-820683-6.00003-8. PMID: 34238465. PubMed  
  2. Chiloiro S1, Giampietro A1, Bianchi A1, Tartaglione T2, Capobianco A3, Anile C4, De Marinis L5.. DIAGNOSIS OF ENDOCRINE DISEASE: Primary empty sella: a comprehensive review.. Eur J Endocrinol. 2017 . pmid:28780516 PubMed  
  3. Auer MK1, Stieg MR, Crispin A, Sievers C, Stalla GK, Kopczak A. Primary Empty Sella Syndrome and the Prevalence of Hormonal Dysregulation.. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2018. pmid:29510819 PubMed  
  4. Del Monte P, Foppiani L, Cafferata C, Marugo A, Bernasconi D. Primary "empty sella" in adults: endocrine findings. Endocr J 2006; 53: 803-9. PMID: 16983177 PubMed  
  5. García-Centeno R, Suárez-Llanos JP, Fernández-Fernández E, Andía-Melero V, Sánchez P, Jara-Albarrán A .Empty sella and primary autoimmune hypothyroidism. Clin Exp Med 2010; 10: 129-34. PMID: 19823763 PubMed  
  6. Guitelman M, Garcia Basavilbaso N, Vitale M, Chervin A, Katz D, Miragaya K, Herrera J, Cornalo D, Servidio M, Boero L, Manavela M, Danilowicz K, Alfieri A, Stalldecker G, Glerean M, Fainstein Day P, Ballarino C, Mallea Gil MS, Rogozinski A. Primary empty sella (PES): a review of 175 cases. Pituitary 2012 Aug 9. PMID:22875743 PubMed  
  7. Ekhzaimy AA, Mujammami M, Tharkar S, Alansary MA, Al Otaibi D. Clinical presentation, evaluation and case management of primary empty sella syndrome: a retrospective analysis of 10-year single-center patient data. BMC Endocr Disord. 2020 Sep 17;20(1):142. doi: 10.1186/s12902-020-00621-5. PMID: 32943019 PubMed  
  8. Carosi G, Brunetti A, Mangone A, Baldelli R, Tresoldi A, Del Sindaco G, Lavezzi E, Sala E, Mungari R, Fatti LM, Galazzi E, Ferrante E, Indirli R, Biamonte E, Arosio M, Cozzi R, Lania A, Mazziotti G, Mantovani G. A Multicenter Cohort Study in Patients With Primary Empty Sella: Hormonal and Neuroradiological Features Over a Long Follow-Up. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2022 Jun 23;13:925378. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2022.925378. PMID: 35813618 PubMed  
  • Unn Ljøstad, spesialist i nevrologi, professor PhD
  • Åse Mygland, spesialist i nevrologi, professor dr med