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Clippers

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:


  1. Song B, Gao Y, Fang H, Li P, Li Y, Xu Y. Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids with lesions distributed predominantly in spinal cord. Brain. 2015 Dec;138(Pt 12):e397 . pmid:26173863 PubMed  
  2. Dudesek A, Rimmele F, Tesar S, Kolbaske S, Rommer PS, Benecke R, Zettl UK. CLIPPERS: chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids. Review of an increasingly recognized entity within the spectrum of inflammatory central nervous system disorders. Clin Exp Immunol 2014 ; 175: 385-96. pmid:24028073 PubMed  
  3. Nordaa L, Forsaa EB, Odland A, Ajmi S. En mann i 60-årene med gangvansker, dysartri og lett kognitiv svikt. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2020 Mar 9;140(4). Norwegian. PMID: 32192255. PubMed  
  4. Zhang W, Cui L, Dong M, Tian Z, Jiao Y, Jiao J. Area Postrema Syndrome: A Rare Feature of Chronic Lymphocytic Inflammation With Pontine Perivascular Enhancement Responsive to Steroids. Front Neurol. 2020 Aug 18;11:730. PMID: 32973644 PubMed  
  5. Law LY1, Riminton DS1, Nguyen M1, Barnett MH1, Reddel SW1, Hardy TA2.. The spectrum of immune-mediated and inflammatory lesions of the brainstem: Clues to diagnosis. Neurology. 2019; Aug 27;93(9):: 390-405. pmid:31451586 PubMed  
  6. Iovino A, Del Vecchio W, Aruta F, Iodice R. CLIPPERS. Pract Neurol. 2020 Dec 29:practneurol-2020-002857. doi: 10.1136/practneurol-2020-002857. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33376153. PubMed  
  7. Taieb G1, Mulero P2, Psimaras D3, van Oosten BW4, Seebach JD5, Marignier R6, Pico F7,8, Rigau V9, Ueno Y10, Duflos C11, Fominykh V12, Guiraud V13, Lebrun-Frénay C14, Camdessanché JP6,15, Kerschen P16, Ahle G17, Téllez N18, Rovira A2, Hoang-Xuan K3, Pelletier J19, Labauge P20; in cooperation with the French CLIPPERS group.. CLIPPERS and its mimics: evaluation of new criteria for the diagnosis of CLIPPERS. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2019; Sep;90(9):: 1027-1038. pmid:31072955 PubMed  
  8. Tobin WO, Guo Y, Krecke KN, Parisi JE, Lucchinetti CF, Pittock SJ, Mandrekar J, Dubey D, Debruyne J, Keegan BM. Diagnostic criteria for chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS). Brain. 2017 Sep 1;140(9):2415-2425 . pmid:29050399 PubMed  
  9. Taieb G1, Allou T2, Labauge P2.. Therapeutic Approaches in CLIPPERS.. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2017. pmid:28386850 PubMed  
  10. Cipriani VP, Arndt N, Pytel P, Reder AT, Javed A. Effective treatment of CLIPPERS with long-term use of rituximab. Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm. 2018 Mar 1;5(3):e448. PMID: 29511706 PubMed  
  11. Al-Chalabi M, DelCimmuto NR, Beran A, Devarasetty PP, Mhanna A, Mahfooz N, Sheikh A. Clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes of CLIPPERS: A comprehensive systematic review of 140 patients from 100 studies. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2022 Aug 18;68:104112. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2022.104112. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36029706. PubMed  
  12. Doubrovinskaia S, Sahm F, Thier MC, Bendszus M, Wick W, Seliger C, Kaulen LD. Primary CNS lymphoma after CLIPPERS: a case series. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2021 Mar 31:jnnp-2020-325759. doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2020-325759. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33789924. PubMed  
  • Unn Ljøstad, spesialist i nevrologi, professor PhD
  • Åse Mygland, spesialist i nevrologi, professor dr med