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Akutt perifer facialisparese

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

  1. Zimmermann J1, Jesse S1, Kassubek J1, Pinkhardt E1, Ludolph AC2.. Differential diagnosis of peripheral facial nerve palsy: a retrospective clinical, MRI and CSF-based study. J Neurol. 2019; Oct;266(10: 2488-2494.. pmid:31250103 PubMed  
  2. Neagu MR, Prasad S. Ramsay Hunt syndrome. Pract Neurol. 2016 Feb 10. pii: practneurol-2015-001303. pmid:26864575 PubMed  
  3. Dhawan SR, Saini AG, Singhi PD. Management Strategies of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: A Review. Int J Gen Med. 2020 Feb 26;13:61-65. PMID: 32161488 PubMed  
  4. Fuller G, Morgan C. Bell's palsy syndrome: mimics and chameleons. Pract Neurol. 2016 Dec;16(6):439-444. pmid:27034243 PubMed  
  5. Choi SY, Kim JM, Jung J, Park DC, Yoo MC, Kim SS, Kim SH, Yeo SG. Review of Drug Therapy for Peripheral Facial Nerve Regeneration That Can Be Used in Actual Clinical Practice. Biomedicines. 2022 Jul 12;10(7):1678. doi: 10.3390/biomedicines10071678. PMID: 35884983 PubMed  
  6. Sullivan FM, Swan IR, Donnan PT, Morrison JM, Smith BH, McKinstry B, Davenport RJ, Vale LD, Clarkson JE, Hernández R, Stewart K, Hammersley V, Hayavi S, McAteer A, Gray D, Daly F. A randomised controlled trial of the use of aciclovir and/or prednisolone for the early treatment of Bell's palsy: the BELLS study. Health Technol Assess 2009; 13: 1-130. pmid: 19833052 PubMed  
  7. Madhok VB, Gagyor I, Daly F, Somasundara D, Sullivan M, Gammie F, Sullivan F. Corticosteroids for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Jul 18;7:CD001942. pmid: 27428352 PubMed  
  8. Jowett N, Gaudin RA, Banks CA, Hadlock TA. Steroid use in Lyme disease-associated facial palsy is associated with worse long-term outcomes. Laryngoscope. 2016 Sep 6. pmid: 27598389 PubMed  
  9. Wormser GP, McKenna D, Scavarda C, Karmen C. Outcome of facial palsy from Lyme disease in prospectively followed patients who had received corticosteroids. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2018 Aug;91(4):336-338. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2018.03.016. Epub 2018 Apr 4. PMID: 29720355 PubMed  
  10. Hussain A, Nduka C, Moth P, Malhotra R. Bell's facial nerve palsy in pregnancy: a clinical review. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2017. pmid:28141956 PubMed  
  11. Monsanto RD, Bittencourt AG, Bobato Neto NJ, Beilke SC, Lorenzetti FT, Salomone R. Treatment and Prognosis of Facial Palsy on Ramsay Hunt Syndrome: Results Based on a Review of the Literature. Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2016 Oct;20(4):394-400. pmid:27746846 PubMed  
  12. Gagyor I, Madhok VB, Daly F, Sullivan F. Antiviral treatment for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019. pmid:31486071 PubMed  
  13. Berg T1, Stjernquist-Desatnik A2, Kanerva M3, Hultcrantz M4, Engström M5, Jonsson L6.. Bells pares ger resttillstånd hos 30 procent av vuxna patienter--Tidig behandling med kortison ökar utläkningen. Lakartidningen. 2015. pmid:25584601 PubMed  
  14. Pereira LM, Obara K, Dias JM, Menacho MO, Lavado EL, Cardoso JR. Facial exercise therapy for facial palsy: Systematic review and meta-analyses. Clin Rehabil 2011; 25(7): 649-58. PMID: 21382865 PubMed  
  15. Baricich A, Cabrio C, Paggio R, Cisari C, Aluffi P. Peripheral facial nerve palsy: how effective is rehabilitation? Otol Neurotol. 2012; 33: 1118-26. PMID: 22872180 PubMed  
  16. Teixeira LJ, Valbuza JS, Prado GF. Physical therapy for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Dec 7;(12):CD006283. PMID: 22161401 PubMed  
  17. Khan AJ, Szczepura A, Palmer S, Bark C, Neville C, Thomson D, Martin H, Nduka C. Physical therapy for facial nerve paralysis (Bell's palsy): An updated and extended systematic review of the evidence for facial exercise therapy. Clin Rehabil. 2022 Nov;36(11):1424-1449. doi: 10.1177/02692155221110727. Epub 2022 Jul 5. PMID: 35787015 PubMed  
  18. Menchetti I, McAllister K, Walker D, Donnan PT. Surgical interventions for the early management of Bell's palsy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Jan 26;1(1):CD007468. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007468.pub4. PMID: 33496980; PMCID: PMC8094225. The Cochrane Library  
  19. Geißler K, Urban E, Volk GF, Klingner CM, Witte OW, Guntinas-Lichius O. Non-idiopathic peripheral facial palsy: prognostic factors for outcome. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2020 Oct 6. PMID: 33025045 PubMed  
  20. Sharghbin M, Krag AE, Bang C, Stolle LB, Hasanbegovic E. Microsurgical reconstruction after traumatic lesion of the peripheral facial nerve. Ugeskr Laeger. 2022 Sep 26;184(39):V10210797. Danish. PMID: 36205163. PubMed  
  21. Bjærke HB, Bjark TH, Berg T. Facial paralysis reconstruction. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2018. pmid:30421736 PubMed  
  22. Sharghbin M, Hasanbegovic E, Bang C, Stolle LB, Krag AE. Treatment of traumatic injuries of the peripheral facial nerve. Ugeskr Laeger. 2022 Sep 26;184(39):V01220018. Danish. PMID: 36205158. PubMed  
  23. Cooper L, Lui M, Nduka C. Botulinum toxin treatment for facial palsy: A systematic review. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2017 Jun;70(6):833-841. PMID: 28389084 PubMed  
  24. Rozen SM. Facial Reanimation: Basic Surgical Tools and Creation of an Effective Toolbox for Treating Patients with Facial Paralysis. Part A: Functional Muscle Transfers in the Long-Term Facial Palsy Patient. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017 Feb;139(2):469-471. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000003025. PMID: 28121890 PubMed  
  25. Eviston TJ, Croxson GR, Kennedy PG, Hadlock T, Krishnan AV. Bell's palsy: aetiology, clinical features and multidisciplinary care. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2015. pmid:25857657 PubMed  
  26. Peng KP, Chen YT, Fuh JL, Tang CH, Wang SJ. Increased risk of Bell palsy in patients with migraine: a nationwide cohort study. Neurology 2015; 84: 116-24. pmid:25520313 PubMed  
  • Unn Ljøstad, spesialist i nevrologi, professor PhD
  • Åse Mygland, spesialist i nevrologi, professor dr med