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  1. Pittman CA, Ward BK, Nieman CL. A Review of Adult-Onset Hearing Loss: A Primer for Neurologists. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2021 Jul;23(7):20. doi: 10.1007/s11940-021-00674-4. Epub 2021 May 19. PMID: 34483646 PubMed  
  2. Chau JK, Lin JR, Atashband S, Irvine RA, Westerberg BD. Systematic review of the evidence for the etiology of adult sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Laryngoscope 2010; 120: 1011-21.PMID: 20422698 PubMed  
  3. Triplett JD1, Buzzard KA2, Lubomski M1, Riminton DS1, Barnett MH3, Welgampola MS3, Halmagyi GM3, Nguyen M1, Landau K4, Lee AG5,6,7, Plant GT8, Fraser CL9, Reddel SW1, Hardy TA10.. Immune-mediated conditions affecting the brain, eye and ear (BEE syndromes).. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2019; Aug;90(8):: 882-894. pmid:30852493 PubMed  
  4. Rennebohm R, Susac JO, Egan RA, Daroff RB. Susac's Syndrome - Update. J Neurol Sci 2010; 299: 86-91.PMID: 20855088 PubMed  
  5. Kleffner I, Dørr J, Ringelstein M et al. Diagnstic criteria for Susac syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2016. doi:10.1136 PMID: 28103199 PubMed  
  6. Lueck CJ.. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome: what neurologists need to know.. Pract Neurol. 2019; 19(4):: 278-281. pmid: 30890585 PubMed  
  7. Kessel A, Vadasz Z, Toubi E. Cogan syndrome--pathogenesis, clinical variants and treatment approaches. Autoimmun Rev 2014; 13: 351-4. pmid:24418297 PubMed  
  8. Chuang KF, Liu FC, Chen HC. Bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss in patient with Behçet disease. Ear Nose Throat J. 2021 Oct 18:1455613211051660. doi: 10.1177/01455613211051660. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34663117. PubMed  
  9. Çavuşoğlu H, Kahyaoğlu O, Aydın Y.. Arachnoid cyst of the cerebellopontine angle causing isolated acute hearing loss, with literature review.. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2017. pmid:26329734 PubMed  
  10. Lee JW, Bance ML. Hearing loss. Pract Neurol. 2019 Feb;19(1):28-35. PMID: 30185631 PubMed  
  11. Gedik Soyuyuce O, Ayanoglu Aksoy E, Yapici Z. A case report of sudden-onset auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder associated with Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome (riboflavin transporter deficiency). Int J Audiol. 2021 May 13:1-7. PMID: 33983862. PubMed  
  12. Sudden deafness and tuning fork tests: towards optimal utilisation. Bayoumy AB, de Ru JA. Pract Neurol. 2020 Feb;20(1):66-68. doi: 10.1136/practneurol-2019-002350. Epub 2019 Aug 23. PMID: 31444233 PubMed  
  13. Herrera M, García Berrocal JR, García Arumí A, Lavilla MJ, Plaza G; Grupo de Trabajo de la Comisión de Audiología de la SEORL. Update on consensus on diagnosis and treatment of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp (Engl Ed). 2019 Sep-Oct;70(5):290-300. English, Spanish. doi: 10.1016/j.otorri.2018.04.010. Epub 2018 Aug 6. PMID: 30093087. PubMed  
  14. Hultcrantz E, Nosrati-Zarenoe R. Corticosteroid treatment of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss: analysis of an RCT and material drawn from the Swedish national database. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2015. pmid:25351498 PubMed  
  15. Crane RA, Camilon M, Nguyen S, Meyer TA. Steroids for treatment of sudden sensorineural hearing loss: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Laryngoscope 2014. pmid: 25045896 PubMed  
  16. Plontke SK, Meisner C, Agrawal S, Cayé-Thomasen P, Galbraith K, Mikulec AA, Parnes L, Premakumar Y, Reiber J, Schilder AG, Liebau A. Intratympanic corticosteroids for sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2022 Jul 22;7(7):CD008080. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD008080.pub2. PMID: 35867413 PubMed  
  17. Dova S, Psillas G, Tsaligopoulos M, Nikolaidis V, Stefanidou S, Karagiannis G, Kotsiou M, Kaltzidis T, Markou K. The effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on the final outcome of patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Am J Otolaryngol. 2022 Sep-Oct;43(5):103564. doi: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2022.103564. Epub 2022 Aug 3. PMID: 35952529. PubMed  
  18. Durtette C, Hachulla E, Resche-Rigon M, Papo T, Zénone T, Lioger B, Deligny C, Lambert M, Landron C, Pouchot J, Kahn JE, Lavigne C, De Wazieres B, Dhote R, Gondran G, Pertuiset E, Quemeneur T, Hamidou M, Sève P, Le Gallou T, Grasland A, Hatron PY, Fain O, Mekinian A; SNFMI and CRI. Cogan syndrome: Characteristics, outcome and treatment in a French nationwide retrospective study and literature reviewAutoimmun Rev. 2017 Dec;16(12):1219-1223. doi: 10.1016/j.autrev.2017.10.005. Epub 2017 Oct 14. Review. PMID: 29037902 PubMed  
  • Unn Ljøstad, spesialist i nevrologi, professor PhD
  • Åse Mygland, spesialist i nevrologi, professor dr med